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Print error message

Interprets the value of errno as an error message, and prints it to stderr (the standard error output stream, usually the console), optionally preceding it with the custom message specified in str.

errno is an integral variable whose value describes the error condition or diagnostic information produced by a call to a library function (any function of the C standard library may set a value for errno, even if not explicitly specified in this reference, and even if no error happened), see errno for more info.

The error message produced by perror is platform-depend.

If the parameter str is not a null pointer, str is printed followed by a colon (:) and a space. Then, whether str was a null pointer or not, the generated error description is printed followed by a newline character ('\n').

perror should be called right after the error was produced, otherwise it can be overwritten by calls to other functions.


void perror ( const char * str );


C string containing a custom message to be printed before the error message itself.
If it is a null pointer, no preceding custom message is printed, but the error message is still printed.
By convention, the name of the application itself is generally used as parameter.

Return Value



#include <stdio.h>

int main ()
  FILE * pFile;
  pFile=fopen ("unexist.ent","rb");
  if (pFile==NULL)
    perror ("The following error occurred");
    fclose (pFile);
  return 0;

If the file unexist.ent does not exist, something similar to this may be expected as program output:

The following error occurred: No such file or directory