Shell-in-a-box

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Shell In A Box

What is Shell In A Box?

Description

ShellInABox is a service that enables to have a shell access to remote hosts via a web interface.

Web interface

ShellInABox web interface is a web terminal emulator. It integrates colors, editors, and all commands, like a standard console window.

Shellinabox-001.png

Code review

ShellInABox is composed of:

  • A server, coded in C
  • A client (web browser) coded in JavaScript.

The client side uses an external stylesheet (styles.css) and an external JavaScript file (ShellInABox.js).

Is there any limitation in the commands?

  • It seems that there is no limitation in the commands you issue.
  • You can also use sudo to issue privileged commands.
  • A reboot command has also been possible during the test.

Installation and service startup

Installation

$ cd /data/src/
$ wget http://shellinabox.googlecode.com/files/shellinabox-2.10.tar.gz
$ tar xf shellinabox-2.10.tar.gz
$ cd shellinabox-2.10/
$ ./configure
$ make
$ sudo make install

Starting service

To start the service, simply issue following command:

$ sudo shellinaboxd -s :\LOGIN
Info.png
Note
Notice that you will need to be root to invoke /bin/login command.

Service Fingerprinting

IANA database

IANA database (http://www.iana.org/assignments/port-numbers) references all registered ports numbers.

Default port (4200/tcp) used by ShellInABox hasn't been found in this database.

telnet

A telnet command issued against our target on port 4200/tcp provides us with useful information:

$ telnet 192.168.56.101 4200
Trying 192.168.56.101...
Connected to 192.168.56.101.
Escape character is '^]'.
GET / HTTP/1.1
Host: 127.0.0.1:4200

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-Type: text/html
Content-Length: 4818

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xmlns:v="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:vml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">
  <head>
    <!--
    ShellInABox - Make command line applications available as AJAX web applications
    Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Markus Gutschke [email protected]

Nmap

Recent versions of Nmap (5.21) have integrated the ShellInABox banner in nmap-service-probes fingerprinting database.

match http m|^HTTP/1\.1 200 OK\r\n.*<\?xml version=\"1\.0\
" encoding=\"utf-8\"\?>\n<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC \"-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1\.0 Transitional//EN\" \"http://www\.w3\.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-
transitional\.dtd\">\n<html xmlns=\"http://www\.w3\.org/1999/xhtml\" xmlns:v=\"urn:schemas-microsoft-com:vml\" xml:lang=\"en\" lang=\"
en\">\n  <head>\n    <!--\n    ShellInABox - Make command line applications available as AJAX web applications\n|s p/ShellInABox httpd
/

And Nmap properly detects our service:

$ sudo nmap -sV -p 4200 192.168.56.101
Starting Nmap 5.21 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2010-10-01 09:12 CEST
Nmap scan report for localhost.localdomain (127.0.0.1)
Host is up (0.0050s latency).
PORT     STATE SERVICE VERSION
4200/tcp open  http    ShellInABox httpd
Service detection performed. Please report any incorrect results at http://nmap.org/submit/ .
Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 6.45 seconds

Brute-force

Incomplete.png
INCOMPLETE SECTION OR ARTICLE
This section/article is being written and is therefore not complete.
Thank you for your comprehension.

Sniffing

Sniffing has been done with wireshark without SSL/TLS. It shows that it is trivial to capture and recompose communication. The screenshot shows the beginning of the "ps aux" command.

Shellinabox-002.png

How to secure?

  • Compile ShellInABox with SSL/TLS support
  • Install a blocking mechanism to prevent from brute-force attacks
  • Change default port (-p)
  • Check your logs (-v, --verbose)

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