Strdup

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NAME

strdup
,
strndup
,
strdupa
,
strndupa
- duplicate a string

SYNOPSIS

#include <string.h>
char *strdup(const char *s);
char *strndup(const char *s, size_t n);
char *strdupa(const char *s);
char *strndupa(const char *s, size_t n);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for
glibc
(see feature_test_macros(7)):
strdup():
    _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
        || /* Since glibc 2.12: */ _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200809L
        || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE
strndup():
    Since glibc 2.10:
        _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200809L
    Before glibc 2.10:
        _GNU_SOURCE
strdupa(), strndupa(): _GNU_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION

The
strdup()
function returns a pointer to a new string which is a duplicate of the string s. Memory for the new string is obtained with
malloc
, and can be freed with
free
. The
strndup()
function is similar, but copies at most n bytes. If s is longer than n, only n bytes are copied, and a terminating null byte (
'\0'
) is added.
strdupa()
and
strndupa()
are similar, but use
alloca
to allocate the buffer. They are available only when using the GNU GCC suite, and suffer from the same limitations described in
alloca
.

RETURN VALUE

On success, the
strdup()
function returns a pointer to the duplicated string. It returns
NULL
if insufficient memory was available, with
errno
set to indicate the cause of the error.

ERRORS

ENOMEM
Insufficient memory available to allocate duplicate string.