The-FLARE-On-Challenge-01/Challenge-1

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Challenge 1

Uncompress

The individual file is available here: http://www.flare-on.com/files/C1.exe

It is mentionned on the flare-on.com website that "the first challenge is a self-extracting zip file that requires you to accept the EULA before continuing".

You can uncompress it using 7zip:

$ 7z x C1.exe 

7-Zip [64] 9.20  Copyright (c) 1999-2010 Igor Pavlov  2010-11-18
p7zip Version 9.20 (locale=fr_FR.utf8,Utf16=on,HugeFiles=on,4 CPUs)

Processing archive: C1.exe

Extracting  Challenge1.exe

Everything is Ok

Size:       120832
Compressed: 285184
$ md5sum *
4121e589529626fb14feafb828619286  C1.exe
66692c39aab3f8e7979b43f2a31c104f  Challenge1.exe

What does it look like?

When we start the uncompressed executable (Challenge1.exe), we see the below window:

Flare-on-challenge-1-c1-01.png

If we press the "Decode" button, the window becomes:

Flare-on-challenge-1-c1-02.png

We have to identify the code that is behind the "Decode" button.

Decompile the .Net

A simple "file" command informs us we have to handle a .Net executable:

$ file /data/tmp/challenge1/Challenge1.exe
/data/tmp/challenge1/Challenge1.exe: PE32 executable (GUI) Intel 80386 Mono/.Net assembly, for MS Windows

Let's download ILSpy, an open-source .NET assembly browser and decompiler.

Flare-on-challenge-1-c1-03.png

The code associated to the button is in the btnDecode_Click function:

Flare-on-challenge-1-c1-04.png

We see that it processes a file named "dat_secret", available from the "Resources" section. Let's save this file

Flare-on-challenge-1-c1-05.png

Decode dat_secret

Now, let's decode the resource. It can be easily achieved with the following lines of python:

#!/usr/bin/env python
ba = bytearray(open('dat_secret', 'rb').read())
print ''.join(chr((b >> 4 | (b << 4 & 240)) ^ 41) for b in ba)

Solution to challenge 1

The solution to challenge one is:

[email protected]

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Keywords: reverse-engineering challenge flare fireeye