Sends a control message from user space to a device driver. DeviceIoControl is popular with kernel malware because it is an easy, flexible way to pass information between user space and kernel space.
BOOL WINAPI DeviceIoControl( _In_ HANDLE hDevice, _In_ DWORD dwIoControlCode, _In_opt_ LPVOID lpInBuffer, _In_ DWORD nInBufferSize, _Out_opt_ LPVOID lpOutBuffer, _In_ DWORD nOutBufferSize, _Out_opt_ LPDWORD lpBytesReturned, _Inout_opt_ LPOVERLAPPED lpOverlapped );
- hDevice [in]
- A handle to the device on which the operation is to be performed. The device is typically a volume, directory, file, or stream. To retrieve a device handle, use the CreateFile function. For more information, see Remarks.
- dwIoControlCode [in]
- The control code for the operation. This value identifies the specific operation to be performed and the type of device on which to perform it.
- lpInBuffer [in, optional]
- A pointer to the input buffer that contains the data required to perform the operation. The format of this data depends on the value of the dwIoControlCode parameter.
- This parameter can be NULL if dwIoControlCode specifies an operation that does not require input data.
- nInBufferSize [in]
- The size of the input buffer, in bytes.
- lpOutBuffer [out, optional]
- A pointer to the output buffer that is to receive the data returned by the operation. The format of this data depends on the value of the dwIoControlCode parameter.
- This parameter can be NULL if dwIoControlCode specifies an operation that does not return data.
- nOutBufferSize [in]
- The size of the output buffer, in bytes.
- lpBytesReturned [out, optional]
- A pointer to a variable that receives the size of the data stored in the output buffer, in bytes.
- If the output buffer is too small to receive any data, the call fails, GetLastError returns ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER, and lpBytesReturned is zero.
- If the output buffer is too small to hold all of the data but can hold some entries, some drivers will return as much data as fits. In this case, the call fails, GetLastError returns ERROR_MORE_DATA, and lpBytesReturned indicates the amount of data received. Your application should call DeviceIoControl again with the same operation, specifying a new starting point.
- If lpOverlapped is NULL, lpBytesReturned cannot be NULL. Even when an operation returns no output data and lpOutBuffer is NULL, DeviceIoControl makes use of lpBytesReturned. After such an operation, the value of lpBytesReturned is meaningless.
- If lpOverlapped is not NULL, lpBytesReturned can be NULL. If this parameter is not NULL and the operation returns data, lpBytesReturned is meaningless until the overlapped operation has completed. To retrieve the number of bytes returned, call GetOverlappedResult. If hDevice is associated with an I/O completion port, you can retrieve the number of bytes returned by calling GetQueuedCompletionStatus.
- lpOverlapped [in, out, optional]
- A pointer to an OVERLAPPED structure.
- If hDevice was opened without specifying FILE_FLAG_OVERLAPPED, lpOverlapped is ignored.
- If hDevice was opened with the FILE_FLAG_OVERLAPPED flag, the operation is performed as an overlapped (asynchronous) operation. In this case, lpOverlapped must point to a valid OVERLAPPED structure that contains a handle to an event object. Otherwise, the function fails in unpredictable ways.
- For overlapped operations, DeviceIoControl returns immediately, and the event object is signaled when the operation has been completed. Otherwise, the function does not return until the operation has been completed or an error occurs.
If the operation completes successfully, the return value is nonzero.
If the operation fails or is pending, the return value is zero. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.